Improvement of the Error-detection Mechanism in Adults with Dyslexia Following Reading Acceleration Training

Dyslexia. 2016 May;22(2):173-89. doi: 10.1002/dys.1523. Epub 2016 Apr 13.

Abstract

The error-detection mechanism aids in preventing error repetition during a given task. Electroencephalography demonstrates that error detection involves two event-related potential components: error-related and correct-response negativities (ERN and CRN, respectively). Dyslexia is characterized by slow, inaccurate reading. In particular, individuals with dyslexia have a less active error-detection mechanism during reading than typical readers. In the current study, we examined whether a reading training programme could improve the ability to recognize words automatically (lexical representations) in adults with dyslexia, thereby resulting in more efficient error detection during reading. Behavioural and electrophysiological measures were obtained using a lexical decision task before and after participants trained with the reading acceleration programme. ERN amplitudes were smaller in individuals with dyslexia than in typical readers before training but increased following training, as did behavioural reading scores. Differences between the pre-training and post-training ERN and CRN components were larger in individuals with dyslexia than in typical readers. Also, the error-detection mechanism as represented by the ERN/CRN complex might serve as a biomarker for dyslexia and be used to evaluate the effectiveness of reading intervention programmes. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords: dyslexia; error-detection mechanism; error-related negativity/correct-related negativity; fluency; reading; training.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dyslexia / physiopathology*
  • Dyslexia / psychology
  • Dyslexia / therapy
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Reading*
  • Signal Detection, Psychological / physiology*
  • Young Adult