Ergonomics intervention on an alternative design of a spinal board

Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2017 Sep;23(3):393-403. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2016.1156843. Epub 2016 Apr 14.


A spinal board is the evacuation tool of first aid to help the injured spinal cord. The existing spinal board has several weaknesses, both in terms of user comfort and the effectiveness and efficiency of the evacuation process. This study designs an ergonomic spinal board using the quality function deployment approach. A preliminary survey was conducted through direct observation and interviews with volunteers from the Indonesian Red Cross. Data gathered were translated into a questionnaire and answered by 47 participants in West Sumatra. The results indicate that the selection of materials, the application of strap systems as well as the addition of features are very important in designing an ergonomic spinal board. The data were used in designing an ergonomic spinal board. The use of anthropometric data ensures that this product can accommodate safety and comfort when immobilized, as well as the flexibility and speed of the rescue evacuation process.

Keywords: ergonomics; product design; quality function deployment; spinal board.

MeSH terms

  • Anthropometry
  • Equipment Design* / instrumentation
  • Equipment Design* / methods
  • Ergonomics
  • Humans
  • Immobilization / methods*
  • Indonesia
  • Moving and Lifting Patients / instrumentation*
  • Spinal Cord Injuries*
  • Spine
  • Surveys and Questionnaires