The Ablation of Mitochondrial Protein Phosphatase Pgam5 Confers Resistance Against Metabolic Stress

EBioMedicine. 2016 Jan 29;5:82-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2016.01.031. eCollection 2016 Mar.


Phosphoglycerate mutase family member 5 (PGAM5) is a mitochondrial protein phosphatase that has been reported to be involved in various stress responses from mitochondrial quality control to cell death. However, its roles in vivo are largely unknown. Here, we show that Pgam5-deficient mice are resistant to several metabolic insults. Under cold stress combined with fasting, Pgam5-deficient mice better maintained body temperature than wild-type mice and showed an extended survival rate. Serum triglycerides and lipid content in brown adipose tissue (BAT), a center of adaptive thermogenesis, were severely reduced in Pgam5-deficient mice. Moreover, although Pgam5 deficiency failed to maintain proper mitochondrial integrity in BAT, it reciprocally resulted in the dramatic induction of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) that activates various functions of BAT including thermogenesis. Thus, the enhancement of lipid metabolism and FGF21 may contribute to the cold resistance of Pgam5-deficient mice under fasting condition. Finally, we also found that Pgam5-deficient mice are resistant to high-fat-diet-induced obesity. Our study uncovered that PGAM5 is involved in the whole-body metabolism in response to stresses that impose metabolic challenges on mitochondria.

Keywords: FGF21; Metabolic stress; Mitochondria; Obesity; Stress response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Temperature / genetics
  • Cold Temperature
  • Diet, High-Fat
  • Fasting / metabolism
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria / genetics
  • Mitochondria / metabolism*
  • Mitochondria / pathology
  • Obesity / genetics*
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / deficiency
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases / genetics*
  • Stress, Physiological / genetics*
  • Thermogenesis / genetics


  • fibroblast growth factor 21
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • PGAM5 protein, mouse
  • Phosphoprotein Phosphatases