Mechanical Weyl Modes in Topological Maxwell Lattices

Phys Rev Lett. 2016 Apr 1;116(13):135503. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.135503. Epub 2016 Apr 1.

Abstract

We show that two-dimensional mechanical lattices can generically display topologically protected bulk zero-energy phonon modes at isolated points in the Brillouin zone, analogs of massless fermion modes of Weyl semimetals. We focus on deformed square lattices as the simplest Maxwell lattices, characterized by equal numbers of constraints and degrees of freedom, with this property. The Weyl points appear at the origin of the Brillouin zone along directions with vanishing sound speed and move away to the zone edge (or return to the origin) where they annihilate. Our results suggest a design strategy for topological metamaterials with bulk low-frequency acoustic modes and elastic instabilities at a particular, tunable finite wave vector.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.