Production, Purification and Structural Study of an Exopolysaccharide From Lactobacillus Plantarum BC-25

Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Jun 25;144:205-14. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.067. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Abstract

The exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by Se-enriched Lactobacillus plantarum BC-25 was purified to illustrate its structure and conformational characterization. The yield of EPS (324.80mg/l) was obtained with a sodium selenite concentration of 6μg/ml. The results indicated that the EPS was soluble in water, but insoluble in organic solvents. The molecular weight of this highly thermal stability EPS was 1.83×10(4)Da and 1.33×10(4)Da with or without Se enriched respectively. The EPS was composed of mannose, galactose and glucose in a molar ratio of 92.21:1.79:6.00 and 91.36:2.44:6.20 with or without Se. This compound had a backbone of (1→2)-linked Man, (1→2.6)-linked Glc, (2→6)-linked Man, and (2→6)-linkedGal confirmed by GC-MS. IR analysis suggested that the EPS belonged to heteropolysaccharide with a pyran group, with possible presence of SeO and CSeC residues that Se may substitutes CH3 in -OCH3 in the polysaccharide as confirmed by NMR spectroscopy.

Keywords: Exopolysaccharides; Lactobacillus plantarum; Selenium; Structure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Lactobacillus plantarum / chemistry*
  • Lactobacillus plantarum / metabolism
  • Monosaccharides / analysis
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial / biosynthesis
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial / chemistry*
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial / isolation & purification*
  • Selenium / chemistry

Substances

  • Monosaccharides
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial
  • Selenium