Influence of antibiotic impregnation on the fatigue life of Simplex P and Palacos R acrylic bone cements, with and without centrifugation

J Biomed Mater Res. 1989 Apr;23(4):379-97. doi: 10.1002/jbm.820230402.


The fatigue properties of Simplex P and Palacos R bone cements were compared to their antibiotic impregnated counterparts AKZ* and Palacos R with gentamycin. The effect of porosity reduction by centrifugation of all four cement types was also assessed. Fifteen specimens of each cement type were prepared according to manufacturer's instructions and 15 additional specimens of each cement type were prepared by mixing the powder with chilled monomer (0 degrees C) and then centrifuging the cement immediately after mixing. Fifteen fully reversed tension-compression fatigue tests were performed at 15 MPa in stress control for each cement preparation in vitro while simulating the in vivo state (37 degrees C and 100% humidity). The number of cycles to failure were recorded. There was no significant difference in the fatigue life of Palacos R and Simplex P when both cements were prepared in the standard fashion. The addition of 1/2 g of gentamycin to Palacos R did not significantly alter its fatigue properties. The addition of 0.5 g of erythromycin and 0.24 g of colistin did not decrease the fatigue life of Simplex P. Centrifugation significantly improved the fatigue properties of Simplex P and AKZ. The fatigue lives of Palacos R and Palacos R with gentamycin were not improved by centrifugation. The fatigue life of centrifuged Simplex P was significantly greater than the fatigue life of Palacos R and of Palacos R with gentamycin, whether the Palacos R based cements were centrifuged or not.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Bone Cements*
  • Centrifugation
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Gentamicins*
  • Materials Testing
  • Methylmethacrylate
  • Methylmethacrylates*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Viscosity


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Bone Cements
  • Gentamicins
  • Methylmethacrylates
  • Methylmethacrylate