Background: Stent-assisted coiling and balloon-assisted coiling are well-established minimally invasive techniques for treatment of intracranial aneurysms. The aim of this study was to use meta-analysis methods to compare clinical outcomes of aneurysms treated with stent-assisted coiling versus balloon-assisted coiling.
Methods: We searched for two-arm prospective studies and retrospective studies that compared the clinical outcomes in patients that received stent-assisted or balloon-assisted aneurysm treatment. Database search was performed through May 2015. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to compare the clinical outcomes in patients that underwent either stent-assisted or balloon-assisted coiling for intracranial aneurysms management.
Results: Complete occlusion rates at the end of the coiling procedure were similar between patients that received stent-assisted and balloon-assisted aneurysm treatment (OR=0.763, 95% CI=0.47 to 1.23, P=0.270). However, complete occlusion rates were higher with stent-assisted coiling at 6months or later after the procedure (OR=1.82, 95% CI=1.21 to 2.74). The overall complication rates and retreatment rates in patients with recurrence were similar between stent-assisted and balloon-assisted aneurysm treatments.
Conclusion: Stent-assisted coiling achieved better complete occlusion rates of aneurysms at 6months or later after the procedure compared to balloon-assisted coiling, without being associated with a higher risk of intraprocedural complications and retreatment.
Keywords: Aneurysm; Balloon-assisted coiling; Stent-assisted coiling.
Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.