Causes of Activation and Deactivation of Modified Nanogold Catalysts During Prolonged Storage and Redox Treatments

Molecules. 2016 Apr 13;21(4):486. doi: 10.3390/molecules21040486.


The catalytic properties of modified Au/TiO₂ catalysts for low-temperature CO oxidation are affected by deactivation and reactivation after long-term storage and by redox treatments. The effect of these phenomena on the catalysts was studied by HRTEM, BET, SEM, FTIR CO, XPS and H₂ TPR methods. The main cause for the deactivation and reactivation of catalytic properties is the variation in the electronic state of the supported gold, mainly, the proportion of singly charged ions Au⁺. The most active samples are those with the highest proportion of singly charged gold ions, while catalysts with a high content of trivalent gold ions are inactive at low-temperatures. Active states of gold, resistant to changes caused by the reaction process and storage conditions, can be stabilized by modification of the titanium oxide support with transition metals oxides. The catalyst modified with lanthanum oxide shows the highest stability and activity.

Keywords: CO oxidation; catalyst deactivation; catalyst reactivation; effect of storage; gold catalysts; support modification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Catalysis
  • Gold / chemistry*
  • Lanthanum / chemistry*
  • Nanostructures / chemistry
  • Oxidation-Reduction*
  • Oxides / chemistry*
  • Temperature
  • Titanium / chemistry*


  • Oxides
  • titanium dioxide
  • lanthanum oxide
  • Lanthanum
  • Gold
  • Titanium