Objectives: Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) appears to be involved in atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability and rupture. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the utility of serum LOX-1 levels in the diagnosis and assessment of left ventricular systolic HF and LOX-1’s relationship with serum pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP).
Design and settings: This was a cross-sectional study of all eligible patients admitted to the department of cardiology of the University Hospital between July 2011 and April 2012.
Methods: Fifty-five patients with a diagnosis of systolic heart failure and 25 patients without systolic HF were enrolled in this study. Serum C-reactive protein, NT-proBNP, and LOX-1 were studied.
Results: Serum LOX-1 and NT-proBNP levels were significantly higher in the heart failure group and showed a positive correlation with NT-proBNP and negative correlations with left ventricular ejection fraction (EF). In addition, LOX-1 levels in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy were significantly higher, while they were similar in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy compared to control subjects.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrates the utility of the serum LOX-1 levels in the diagnosis of left ventricular systolic heart failure. LOX-1 may have a place in the diagnosis of heart failure, in particular in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy.
Keywords: Left ventricular systolic heart failure; NT pro-brain natriuretic peptide; ejection fraction; lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1.