An update of the 2012 systematic review and meta-analyses were performed and a modified-GRADE approach was used to update the recommendation for the use of adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) for the treatment of central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) related to congestive heart failure (CHF). Meta-analyses demonstrated an improvement in LVEF and a normalization of AHI in all patients. Analyses also demonstrated an increased risk of cardiac mortality in patients with an LVEF of ≤ 45% and moderate or severe CSA predominant sleep-disordered breathing. These data support a Standard level recommendation against the use of ASV to treat CHF-associated CSAS in patients with an LVEF of ≤ 45% and moderate or severe CSAS, and an Option level recommendation for the use of ASV in the treatment CHF-associated CSAS in patients with an LVEF > 45% or mild CHF-related CSAS. The application of these recommendations is limited to the target patient populations; the ultimate judgment regarding propriety of any specific care must be made by the clinician.
Keywords: adaptive servo-ventilation; central sleep apnea; clinical practice guideline.
© 2016 American Academy of Sleep Medicine.