Characterization of Human Dental Pulp Tissue Under Oscillatory Shear and Compression

J Biomech Eng. 2016 Jun;138(6):061006. doi: 10.1115/1.4033437.


Availability of material as well as biological properties of native tissues is critical for biomaterial design and synthesis for regenerative engineering. Until recently, selection of biomaterials and biomolecule carriers for dental pulp regeneration has been done randomly or based on experience mainly due to the absence of benchmark data for dental pulp tissue. This study, for the first time, characterizes the linear viscoelastic material functions and compressive properties of human dental pulp tissue harvested from wisdom teeth, under oscillatory shear and compression. The results revealed a gel-like behavior of the pulp tissue over the frequency range of 0.1-100 rps. Uniaxial compression tests generated peak normal stress and compressive modulus values of 39.1 ± 20.4 kPa and 5.5 ± 2.8 kPa, respectively. Taken collectively, the linear viscoelastic and uniaxial compressive properties of the human dental pulp tissue reported here should enable the better tailoring of biomaterials or biomolecule carriers to be employed in dental pulp regeneration.

MeSH terms

  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Compressive Strength*
  • Dental Pulp / cytology*
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Materials Testing*
  • Shear Strength*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Tissue Scaffolds