An integrative review of literature on determinants of nurses' organizational commitment

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2016 Mar-Apr;21(2):107-17. doi: 10.4103/1735-9066.178224.


Background: This integrative review was aimed to examine in literature and integrate the determinants of nurses' organizational commitment in hospital settings.

Materials and methods: In this study, an integrative review of the literature was used. The search strategy began with six electronic databases (e.g. CINAHL and Medline). Considering the inclusion criteria, published studies that examined the factors influencing nurses' organizational commitment in the timeframe of 2000 through 2013 were chosen. Data extraction and analysis were completed on all included studies. The final sample for this integrative review comprised 33 studies.

Results: Based on common meanings and central issues, 63 different factors contributing to nurses' organizational commitment were integrated and grouped into four main categories: Personal characteristics and traits of nurses, leadership and management style and behavior, perception of organizational context, and characteristics of job and work environment.

Conclusions: In general, categories emerged in this study could be useful for formulating initiatives to stimulate nurses' OC. However, little is known about the relative significance of each identified factor among nurses working in different countries. Qualitative research is recommended for narrowing this gap. Future research should be directed to examine the psychometric properties of the organizational scales for nurses in different cultures.

Keywords: Integrative review; nurses; organizational commitment.

Publication types

  • Review