Glomerular hemodynamic changes vs. hypertrophy in experimental glomerular sclerosis

Kidney Int. 1989 Feb;35(2):654-60. doi: 10.1038/ki.1989.35.


In a variety of recent studies in animals with chronic renal diseases, investigators have found a tight correlation between the elevation in glomerular pressures and flows versus glomerular hypertrophy. To investigate a possible causal link between the glomerular hyperfunction and hypertrophy, we studied the functional and morphological sequelae of nephrectomy and those of unilateral ureteral diversion (UD) into the peritoneal cavity (that is, removal of renal clearance function while keeping the kidney tissue in situ). In all nine experimental groups of 54 Munich-Wistar rats, 2/3 of the renal mass was removed from the left kidney by ligation of two or three branches of the left renal artery. In addition, right nephrectomy (NPX) was performed in Groups 1B, 2B and 3B or UD in Groups 1C, 2C and 3C. The right kidney was left untouched in control groups, Groups 1A, 2A and 3A. Micropuncture measurements and histological studies were performed at four days (Groups 1A, 1B and 1C), two weeks (Groups 2A, 2B and 2C) or four weeks (Groups 3A, 3B and 3C). At both four days and two weeks, NPX and UD groups had marked and comparable degrees of glomerular hypertension, hyperperfusion and hyperfiltration compared to the control group in the left kidney.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Glomerulonephritis / physiopathology*
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / pathology
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / physiopathology*
  • Hemodynamics
  • Hypertrophy
  • Kidney Glomerulus / blood supply*
  • Kidney Glomerulus / pathology
  • Nephrectomy
  • Peritoneal Cavity
  • Rats
  • Urinary Diversion