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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2016 Dec;10(6):956-963.
doi: 10.1007/s11764-016-0541-8. Epub 2016 Apr 21.

Survivorship Care Plans and Adherence to Lifestyle Recommendations Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Affiliations
Randomized Controlled Trial

Survivorship Care Plans and Adherence to Lifestyle Recommendations Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Heather Greenlee et al. J Cancer Surviv. .

Abstract

Purpose: The effectiveness of survivorship care plans has not been widely tested. We evaluated whether a one-time brief lifestyle consultation as part of a broader survivorship care plan was effective at changing diet and lifestyle patterns.

Methods: A diverse sample of women with stage 0-III breast cancer were randomized to control or intervention groups within 6 weeks of completing adjuvant treatment. Both groups received the National Cancer Institute publication, "Facing Forward: Life after Cancer Treatment." The intervention group also met with a nurse (1 h) and a nutritionist (1 h) to receive personalized lifestyle recommendations based upon national guidelines. Diet, lifestyle, and perceived health were assessed at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Linear regression analyses evaluated the effects of the intervention adjusted for covariates.

Results: A total of 126 women completed the study (60 control/66 intervention, 61 Hispanic/65 non-Hispanic). At 3 months, the intervention group reported greater knowledge of a healthy diet (P = 0.047), importance of physical activity (P = 0.03), and appropriate use of dietary supplements (P = 0.006) and reported lower frequency of alcohol drinking (P = 0.03) than controls. At 6 months, only greater knowledge of a healthy diet (P = 0.01) persisted. The intervention was more effective among non-Hispanics than Hispanics on improving attitude towards healthy eating (P = 0.03) and frequency of physical activity (P = 0.006).

Conclusions: The intervention changed lifestyle behaviors and knowledge in the short-term, but the benefits did not persist.

Implications for cancer survivors: Culturally competent long-term behavioral interventions should be tested beyond the survivorship care plan to facilitate long-term behavior change among breast cancer survivors.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Diet; Dietary supplements; Physical activity; Survivorship care plan.

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