[Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and hypertension. Evidence of their relationship]

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. May-Jun 2016;54(3):338-43.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

The purpose of this review is to analyze the relation between obstructive sleep apnea and hypertension. We present epidemiological data of the respiratory disorder and its association with high blood pressure, as well as physiopathological interactions between both conditions, the diagnostic methods, and the impact of treatment on pathophysiology and prognosis.

En esta revisión se analiza la relación entre la apnea obstructiva del sueño y la hipertensión arterial sistémica. Se exponen las evidencias epidemiológicas de la alteración respiratoria y de su asociación con la hipertensión arterial, las interacciones fisiopatológicas entre ambas condiciones, los métodos diagnósticos y el impacto del tratamiento sobre la fisiopatología y el pronóstico.

Keywords: Hypertension; Obstructive sleep apnea; Physiopathology.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Hypertension / therapy
  • Prognosis
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / complications*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy