Listeriosis and Toxoplasmosis in Pregnancy: Essentials for Healthcare Providers

J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. Apr-Jun 2016;30(2):131-8. doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000164.

Abstract

Listeriosis and toxoplasmosis are foodborne illnesses that can have long-term consequences when contracted during pregnancy. Listeriosis is implicated in stillbirth, preterm labor, newborn sepsis, and meningitis, among other complications. Toxoplasmosis is associated with blindness, cognitive delays, seizures, and hearing loss, among other significant disabilities. Healthcare providers who understand the fundamentals of Listeria and Toxoplasma infection will have the tools to identify symptoms and high-risk behaviors, educate women to make safer decisions, and provide anticipatory guidance if a pregnant woman would become infected with either of these foodborne illnesses.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Foodborne Diseases / diagnosis
  • Foodborne Diseases / nursing
  • Foodborne Diseases / prevention & control
  • Foodborne Diseases / psychology
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Listeriosis* / complications
  • Listeriosis* / diagnosis
  • Listeriosis* / nursing
  • Listeriosis* / therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious* / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious* / nursing
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious* / prevention & control
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious* / psychology
  • Professional Role
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Toxoplasmosis* / complications
  • Toxoplasmosis* / diagnosis
  • Toxoplasmosis* / nursing
  • Toxoplasmosis* / therapy