MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate translational inhibition of proteins, but are also detected in body fluids, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), where they may serve as disease-specific biomarkers. Previously, we showed differential expression of miR-146a, miR-29a, and miR-125b in the CSF of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients versus controls. In this study, we aim to confirm these findings by using larger, independent sample cohorts of AD patients and controls from three different centers. Furthermore, we aim to identify confounding factors that possibly arise using such a multicenter approach. The study was extended by including patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment due to AD, frontotemporal dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. Previous results of decreased miR-146a levels in AD patients compared to controls were confirmed in one center. When samples from all three centers were combined, several confounding factors were identified. After controlling for these factors, we did not identify differences in miRNA levels between the different groups. However, we provide suggestions to circumvent various pitfalls when measuring miRNAs in CSF to improve future studies.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease; Lewy body disease; cerebrospinal fluid; frontotemporal dementia; microRNAs; mild cognitive impairment.