Risk factors for the development of Tenon's capsule cysts after trabeculectomy

Ophthalmology. 1989 Mar;96(3):336-41. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(89)32887-9.


Tenon's capsule cysts (TCCs) are a complication of glaucoma filtering surgery. They are frequently associated with substantial elevations in intraocular pressure (IOP) beginning 2 to 8 weeks postoperatively. To determine the incidence and possible risk factors for the development of TCCs, case records of all patients who received trabeculectomy over a 4-year period at the Wills Eye Hospital were reviewed. The incidence of TCCs was 28% in those who underwent trabeculectomy. Characteristics of patients after trabeculectomy in whom TCCs developed were compared with patients after trabeculectomy in whom TCCs did not develop. Both univariate and multivariate techniques were used to assess the association of characteristics associated with the development of TCCs. Factors associated with increased risk (P less than 0.05) were: history of prior TCCs, argon laser trabeculoplasty, male gender, and the use of preoperative sympathomimetics. The use of a compression shell was associated with decreased risk (P less than 0.05).

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Conjunctival Diseases / etiology*
  • Cysts / etiology*
  • Female
  • Glaucoma / surgery*
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Trabeculectomy*