Cuckolded Fathers Rare in Human Populations

Trends Ecol Evol. 2016 May;31(5):327-329. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2016.03.004. Epub 2016 Apr 11.


Contemporary data of extra-pair paternity (EPP) in human populations may be biased by the use of modern contraceptives. Studies have now estimated historical EPP rates in several human populations. The observed low EPP rates challenge the idea that women routinely 'shop around' for good genes by engaging in extra-pair copulations.

Keywords: cuckoldry; extra-pair paternity; human behavioural ecology.

MeSH terms

  • Fathers*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Paternity*
  • Sexual Behavior