Isometric and isokinetic knee extension and flexion torque in men and women aged 20-70

Scand J Rehabil Med. 1989;21(1):45-53.


An investigation was made of the influence of age and sex on peak muscle torque in knee extension and flexion during maximal isokinetic and isometric contraction. The study was performed on both legs of 139 clinically healthy men and 141 clinically healthy women aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 or 70 years. Maximum knee extension and flexion muscle torque (Newtonmetre, Nm) was measured isokinetically at various angles of velocity (12, 90 and 150 degrees/s) and isometrically under standardized conditions (Cybex II). No significant differences were found between the right and the left leg in the whole material. Muscle torque was higher in men than in women in all age groups (p less than 0.001). Both isokinetic and isometric torque decreased with age in both sexes. Isokinetic torque decreased significantly (p less than 0.05) between 20 and 30 years of age in men and between 40 and 50 years of age in women (at all velocities studied; p less than 0.05). A significant decrease (p less than 0.05) was found between the ages of 60 and 70 years in both sexes. Maximum isometric torque showed a significant decrease (p less than 0.05) between 60 and 70 years in men and women. There were no significant differences in isokinetic or isometric torque between moderately active and inactive men or women. Significant correlations were found between muscle torque and body weight, height and body surface area.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isometric Contraction
  • Knee / physiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Movement
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Muscles / physiology*