The transcription factor STAT3 is a potential target for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer. Galiellalactone (1), a direct inhibitor of STAT3, prevents the transcription of STAT3 regulated genes. In this study we characterized 6 (GPA512, Johansson , M. ; Sterner , O. Patent WO 2015/132396 A1, 2015 ), a prodrug of 1. In vitro studies showed that 6 is rapidly converted to 1 in plasma and is stable in a buffer solution. The pharmacokinetics of 6 following a single oral dose indicated that the prodrug was rapidly absorbed and converted to 1 with a tmax of 15 min. Oral administration of 6 in mice increased the plasma exposure of the active parent compound 20-fold compared to when 1 was dosed orally. 6 treated mice bearing DU145 xenograft tumors had significantly reduced tumor growth compared to untreated mice. The favorable druglike properties and safety profile of 6 warrant further studies of 6 for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer.