Caffeine and caffeinated beverage consumption and fecundability in a preconception cohort

Reprod Toxicol. 2016 Jul:62:39-45. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2016.04.022. Epub 2016 Apr 22.


Caffeine is an adenosine receptor antagonist that may influence fertility by affecting ovulation, menstrual characteristics, or sperm quality. We studied the association between female and male preconception caffeine intake and fecundability in a North American prospective cohort study of 2135 pregnancy planners. Frequency of caffeinated beverage intake was self-reported at baseline. Outcome data were updated every 8 weeks until reported pregnancy; censoring occurred at 12 months. Adjusted fecundability ratios (FR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using proportional probabilities regression. Total caffeine intake among males, but not females, was associated with fecundability (FR for ≥300 vs. <100mg/day caffeine among males=0.72, 95% CI=0.54-0.96), although the association was not monotonic. With respect to individual beverages, caffeinated tea intake was associated with slight reductions in fecundability among females, and caffeinated soda and energy drink intake were associated with reduced fecundability among males.

Keywords: Caffeine; Fertility; Preconception cohort; Soda; Time-to-pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Beverages
  • Caffeine / pharmacology*
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Fertility / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Caffeine