Long-Term Evolution Electromagnetic Fields Exposure Modulates the Resting State EEG on Alpha and Beta Bands

Clin EEG Neurosci. 2017 May;48(3):168-175. doi: 10.1177/1550059416644887. Epub 2016 Apr 25.


Long-term evolution (LTE) wireless telecommunication systems are widely used globally, which has raised a concern that exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) emitted from LTE devices can change human neural function. To date, few studies have been conducted on the effect of exposure to LTE EMF. Here, we evaluated the changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) due to LTE EMF exposure. An LTE EMF exposure system with a stable power emission, which was equivalent to the maximum emission from an LTE mobile phone, was used to radiate the subjects. Numerical simulations were conducted to ensure that the specific absorption rate in the subject's head was below the safety limits. Exposure to LTE EMF reduced the spectral power and the interhemispheric coherence in the alpha and beta bands of the frontal and temporal brain regions. No significant change was observed in the spectral power and the inter-hemispheric coherence in different timeslots during and after the exposure. These findings also corroborated those of our previous study using functional magnetic resonant imaging.

Keywords: EEG; electromagnetic field exposure; functional magnetic resonance imaging; long-term evolution; resting state; specific absorption rate.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alpha Rhythm / physiology*
  • Beta Rhythm*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Cell Phone
  • Electroencephalography* / methods
  • Electromagnetic Fields* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Male
  • Time Factors