Objective: We investigated whether microRNA signatures in whole blood samples are associated with acute cellular rejection (ACR) after liver transplantation.
Materials and methods: Blood samples were collected using Paxgene technology and analyzed by microarrays and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).
Results: microRNA signatures failed to distinguish between 19 patients with ACR and 16 controls. Let-7b-5p and let-7c were upregulated in a subgroup of patients with ACR during the 6th and 7th postoperative days but failed in an independent validation of 20 patients.
Conclusion: microRNA signatures in whole blood processed by Paxgene technology are not suited for the detection of ACR after liver transplantation.
Keywords: Allograft; Paxgene; biomarker.