Relationship between periventricular hemorrhage, leukomalacia and brainstem lesions in prematurely born infants

Brain Dev. 1989;11(2):121-4. doi: 10.1016/s0387-7604(89)80080-4.


The brain pathology in very prematurely born infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) was studied particularly as to the severity and site of the complicated brain lesions responsible for the prognosis. A high frequency of leukomalacia, pontosubicular necrosis and/or olivocerebellar neuronal loss was found in the cases of IVH, and these non-hemorrhagic brain lesions showed an increasing frequency with the grade of IVH. However, there was marked reduction of IVH, periventricular leukomalacia and, in particular, brainstem lesions in prematurely born cases of sudden infant death. These IVH and associated conditions have different pathogenesis, but factors responsible for their occurrence may be present together in each case.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology*
  • Brain Stem / pathology*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / pathology
  • Encephalomalacia / complications*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / complications*
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / pathology
  • Leukomalacia, Periventricular / complications*
  • Leukomalacia, Periventricular / pathology