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Role of Vaccination in Economic Growth


Role of Vaccination in Economic Growth

Sibilia Quilici et al. J Mark Access Health Policy.


The health of a population is important from a public health and economic perspective as healthy individuals contribute to economic growth. Vaccination has the potential to contribute substantially to improving population health and thereby economic growth. Childhood vaccination programmes in Europe can offer protection against 15 important infectious diseases, thus preventing child fatalities and any serious temporary and permanent sequelae that can occur. Healthy children are more able to participate in education, thus preparing them to become healthy and productive adults. Vaccination programmes can also prevent infectious diseases in adolescents, thus allowing them to continue their development towards a healthy adulthood. Protecting adults against infectious diseases ensures that they can fully contribute to productivity and economic development by avoiding sick leave and lower productivity. Vaccination in older adults will contribute to the promotion of healthy ageing, enabling them to assist their familiy with, for instance, childcare, and also help them avoid functional decline and the related impacts on health and welfare expenditure. Effective vaccination programmes for all ages in Europe will thus contribute to the European Union's 2020 health and economic strategies. Indeed, beyond their impact on healthcare resources and productivity, reductions in mortality and morbidity also contribute to increased consumption and gross domestic product. Therefore, assessment of the value of vaccines and vaccination needs to consider not just the direct impact on health and healthcare but also the wider impact on economic growth, which requires a macroeconomic analysis of vaccination programmes.

Keywords: Vaccination; economic growth; investment; macroeconomic; productivity.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Potential mechanism for the link between health and economic output and the roles of clean water, prevention programmes, including vaccination, and hygiene (–4).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Effect of pandemic influenza on UK gross domestic product (GDP) according to various disease and mitigation scenarios (all strategies assumed to a 60% vaccine uptake) (38).

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