NAD⁺ repletion improves mitochondrial and stem cell function and enhances life span in mice

Science. 2016 Jun 17;352(6292):1436-43. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf2693. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Abstract

Adult stem cells (SCs) are essential for tissue maintenance and regeneration yet are susceptible to senescence during aging. We demonstrate the importance of the amount of the oxidized form of cellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) and its effect on mitochondrial activity as a pivotal switch to modulate muscle SC (MuSC) senescence. Treatment with the NAD(+) precursor nicotinamide riboside (NR) induced the mitochondrial unfolded protein response and synthesis of prohibitin proteins, and this rejuvenated MuSCs in aged mice. NR also prevented MuSC senescence in the mdx (C57BL/10ScSn-Dmd(mdx)/J) mouse model of muscular dystrophy. We furthermore demonstrate that NR delays senescence of neural SCs and melanocyte SCs and increases mouse life span. Strategies that conserve cellular NAD(+) may reprogram dysfunctional SCs and improve life span in mammals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cellular Reprogramming
  • Cellular Senescence / drug effects*
  • Cellular Senescence / physiology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Longevity / drug effects*
  • Longevity / physiology
  • Melanocytes / cytology
  • Melanocytes / drug effects
  • Melanocytes / physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred mdx
  • Mitochondria / drug effects*
  • Mitochondria / physiology
  • Muscular Dystrophies / therapy
  • Myoblasts, Skeletal / cytology
  • Myoblasts, Skeletal / drug effects*
  • Myoblasts, Skeletal / physiology
  • NAD / metabolism
  • NAD / pharmacology*
  • Neural Stem Cells / cytology
  • Neural Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Neural Stem Cells / physiology
  • Niacinamide / analogs & derivatives
  • Niacinamide / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Repressor Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Unfolded Protein Response / drug effects

Substances

  • Repressor Proteins
  • prohibitin
  • nicotinamide-beta-riboside
  • NAD
  • Niacinamide