MicroRNA-143 promotes apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells by caspase-3 activation via targeting Bcl-2

Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 May;80:8-15. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2016.03.001. Epub 2016 Mar 12.

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor. In recent years, although a lot of research in the mechanism of osteosarcoma development and metastasis had been done, the molecular mechanisms are still elusive. MicroRNAs (miRs), as small noncoding RNA sequences, are dysregulated in various diseases, including cancer, negatively modulating the target genes expression by posttranscriptional repression. MicroRNA-143 (miR-143) has been reported to be reduced in cancers, including pituitary, colorectal, prostate cancer and cervical. We were aimed to detect the effects of miR-143 on osteosarcoma cell invasion and migration as well as to indicate the potential molecular mechanisms by which miR-143 regulated osteosarcoma. After miR-143 transfection, the cancer cells migration and invasion were examined. And Western blot, RT-PCR, flow cytometry and immunochemistry assays were performed to analyze the role of miR-143 in osteosarcoma progression. The results suggested that miR-143 expressed lessly in osteosarcoma cell lines and could suppress cell migration and invasion in U2-OS and MG-63 cells. To our knowledge, it was the first time to target Bcl-2 directly to explore the underlying mechanism by which miR-143 performed its role to induce apoptosis in tumor cells, thus improving osteosarcoma progression. The present study indicated that miR-143 could inhibit Bcl-2 expression, causing Caspas3 activation, thus inducing apoptosis in osteosarcoma cells. MiR-143 may therefore sreve as a potential biomarker for osteosarcoma, and the regulation of its expression might be a novel therapeutic strategy for osteosarcoma treatment.

Keywords: 143; Apoptosis; Bcl-2; MiR-; Osteosarcoma.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Caspase 3 / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Osteosarcoma / enzymology
  • Osteosarcoma / genetics*
  • Osteosarcoma / pathology*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism*

Substances

  • MIRN143 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Caspase 3