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, 116 (2), 123-128

Clinical Characteristics and Psychosocial Impact of Different Reflux Time in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Patients

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Clinical Characteristics and Psychosocial Impact of Different Reflux Time in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Patients

Jiann-Hwa Chen et al. J Formos Med Assoc.

Abstract

Background/purpose: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an emerging disease, and can impair quality of life and sleep. This study aimed to investigate whether GERD patients with different timings of reflux symptoms have different clinical characteristics.

Methods: This study prospectively enrolled individuals who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy during a health checkup. Each participant completed all questionnaires including Reflux Disease Questionnaire, Nighttime GERD questionnaire, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Combined reflux was defined as the timing of reflux symptoms occurring at both daytime and nighttime.

Results: A total of 2604 participants were enrolled. Of them, 651 symptomatic GERD patients, according to the Reflux Disease Questionnaire score, were recruited for final analysis. Of them, 224 (34.4%) had erosive esophagitis on endoscopy. According to the timing of reflux symptoms, 184 (28.3%) were assigned to the daytime reflux group, 71 (10.9%) to the nighttime reflux group, and 396 (60.8%) to the combined reflux group. In post hoc analysis, the combined reflux group had a significantly higher Reflux Disease Questionnaire score than the daytime reflux group (p < 0.0001). Combined and nighttime reflux groups had higher body mass index and longer duration (> 12 years) of education than the daytime reflux group (p < 0.05). There was no difference in Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores among three groups.

Conclusion: GERD patients with combined daytime and nighttime reflux of have more troublesome symptoms than those with daytime reflux. GERD patients with different timings of reflux symptoms have different clinical characteristics in terms of body mass index and duration of education, but not in terms of esophageal inflammation, quality of sleep, and psychosocial status.

Keywords: body mass index; gastroesophageal reflux disease; nocturnal reflux; psychosocial status; sleep.

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