Introduction: Hybrid hydrogel-platinum coils (HydroCoil) have proven effective for endovascular aneurysm treatment. To overcome technical limitations (coil stiffness, time restriction for placement), a second generation of softer hydrogel coils has been brought to clinical practice (HydroSoft, HydroFrame). We report on procedural safety and core-lab-assessed angiographic results from an open-label multicenter randomized controlled trial.
Methods: Web-based randomization occurred in 15 medical centers in France and seven in Germany between coil embolization with second-generation hydrogel coils and treatment with any bare platinum coil. Assist devices could be used as clinically required. Primary endpoint is a composite outcome including major aneurysm recurrence and poor clinical outcome at 18 months follow-up.
Results: Five hundred thirteen patients were randomized (hydrogel n = 256, bare platinum n = 257). Twenty patients were excluded for missing informed consent and nine patients for treatment related criteria. Four hundred eighty-four patients were analyzed as randomized (hydrogel n = 243, bare platinum n = 241). Two hundred eight had ruptured aneurysms (43 %). Prespecified procedural complications occurred in 58 subjects (hydrogel n = 28, bare platinum n = 30, p = 0.77). The 14-day mortality rate was 2.1 % in both arms of the study. The median calculated packing densities for aneurysms assigned to hydrogel and bare platinum were 39 and 31 % respectively (p < 0.001). No statistically significant differences were found between arms in the post procedural angiographic occlusion rate (p = 0.8).
Conclusion: Second-generation hydrogel coils can be used in a wide spectrum of aneurysms with a risk profile equivalent to bare platinum. Packing density was significantly higher in aneurysms treated with hydrogel coils.
Trial registration: http://www.germanctr.de , DRKS00003132.
Keywords: Hydrogel coils; Intracranial aneurysm; Randomized controlled trial.