Non-trauma Emergency Pancreatoduodenectomies: A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis

World J Surg. 2016 Sep;40(9):2261-6. doi: 10.1007/s00268-016-3525-y.

Abstract

Objective: To retrospectively assess the frequency and indications for emergency pancreatoduodenctomies in a tertiary referral center.

Methods: Pancreatoduodenectomies between January 2005 and January 2014 were retrospectively assessed for emergency indications defined as surgery following unplanned hospital admission in less than 24 h. Data on indications and on the intraoperative as well as the post-operative course were collected.

Results: Out of 583 pancreatoduodenectomies during the interval, a total of 10 (1.7 %) were performed as an emergency surgery. Indications included uncontrollable bleeding, duodenal and proximal jejunal perforations, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-related complications. Three of the 10 (30.0 %) patients died during the hospital course. In one patient, an intraoperative mass transfusion was necessary. No intraoperative death occurred. All but one patient were American Society of Anesthesiologists class three or higher. In two cases, the pancreatic remnant was left without anastomosis for second-stage pancreatojejunostomy. Median operation time was 326.5 min (SD 100.3 min). Hospital stay of the surviving patients was prolonged (median 43.0 days; SD 24.0 days).

Conclusion: Emergency pancreatoduodenectomies are non-frequent, have a diverse range of indications and serve as an ultima ratio to cope with severe injuries and complications around the pancreatic head area.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde / adverse effects
  • Duodenum / injuries
  • Duodenum / surgery
  • Emergencies*
  • Female
  • Hemorrhage / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Perforation / surgery
  • Jejunum / injuries
  • Jejunum / surgery
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Operative Time
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Retrospective Studies