Drug-drug interactions between canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, and glyburide, metformin, and simvastatin were evaluated in three phase-1 studies in healthy participants. In these open-label, fixed sequence studies, participants received: Study 1-glyburide 1.25 mg/day (Day 1), canagliflozin 200 mg/day (Days 4-8), canagliflozin with glyburide (Day 9); Study 2-metformin 2,000 mg/day (Day 1), canagliflozin 300 mg/day (Days 4-7), metformin with canagliflozin (Day 8); Study 3-simvastatin 40 mg/day (Day 1), canagliflozin 300 mg/day (Days 2-6), simvastatin with canagliflozin (Day 7). Pharmacokinetic parameters were assessed at prespecified intervals. Co-administration of canagliflozin and glyburide did not affect the overall exposure (maximum plasma concentration [Cmax ] and area under the plasma concentration-time curve [AUC]) of glyburide and its metabolites (4-trans-hydroxy-glyburide and 3-cis-hydroxy-glyburide). Canagliflozin did not affect the peak concentration of metformin; however, AUC increased by 20%. Though Cmax and AUC were slightly increased for simvastatin (9% and 12%) and simvastatin acid (26% and 18%) following coadministration with canagliflozin, compared with simvastatin administration alone; however, no effect on active 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitory activity was observed. There were no serious adverse events or hypoglycemic episodes. No drug-drug interactions were observed between canagliflozin and glyburide, metformin, or simvastatin. All treatments were well-tolerated in healthy participants.
Keywords: canagliflozin; glyburide; metformin; pharmacokinetics; simvastatin; type-2 diabetes mellitus.
© 2014, The American College of Clinical Pharmacology.