Cri-Du-Chat Syndrome: Clinical Profile and Chromosomal Microarray Analysis in Six Patients

Biomed Res Int. 2016;2016:5467083. doi: 10.1155/2016/5467083. Epub 2016 Apr 7.

Abstract

Cri-du-chat syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused by a deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5. The disease severity, levels of intellectual and developmental delay, and patient prognosis have been related to the size and position of the deletion. Aiming to establish genotype-phenotype correlations, we applied array-CGH to evaluate six patients carrying cytogenetically detected deletions of the short arm of chromosome 5 who were followed at a genetics community service. The patients' cytogenetic and clinical profiles were reevaluated. A database review was performed to predict additional genes and regulatory elements responsible for the characteristic phenotypic and behavioral traits of this disorder. Array-CGH analysis allowed for delineation of the terminal deletions, which ranged in size from approximately 11.2 Mb to 28.6 Mb, with breakpoints from 5p15.2 to 5p13. An additional dup(8)(p23) (3.5 Mb), considered to be a benign copy number variation, was also observed in one patient. The correlation coefficient value (ρ = 0.13) calculated indicated the presence of a weak relationship between developmental delay and deletion size. Genetic background, family history, epigenetic factors, quantitative trait locus polymorphisms, and environmental factors may also affect patient phenotype and must be taken into account in genotype-phenotype correlations.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5* / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5* / metabolism
  • Cri-du-Chat Syndrome* / genetics
  • Cri-du-Chat Syndrome* / metabolism
  • Cri-du-Chat Syndrome* / pathology
  • Cri-du-Chat Syndrome* / physiopathology
  • Developmental Disabilities* / metabolism
  • Developmental Disabilities* / pathology
  • Developmental Disabilities* / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis*