Is Propofol Safe For Food Allergy Patients? A Review of the Evidence

SAAD Dig. 2016 Jan:32:23-7.

Abstract

Allergic cross-reactivity between propofol and food is frequently considered as a risk factor for perioperative allergic hypersensitivity reactions and anaphylaxis during dental anaesthesia and sedation. Better understanding of of this cross-reactivity is important to providing safe care. There are, however, conflicting assumptions about anaphylactic reactions to propofol in patients reporting allergy to certain type of the food. Egg and/or soya allergy are often cited as contraindications to propofol administration but the evidence remains unclear. The main goal of this article is to review the available advice and evidence about the cross-reactivity between propofol and foods. A literature search was undertaken. The current published evidence does not elucidate that propofol allergy and food allergies are linked directly, but this drug should be used with caution in atopic patients with allergies to egg and/or soya bean oil. Clinical audit projects may gather data on anaphylactic events during anaesthesia and may aid the profession in this dilemma.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthetics, Intravenous / adverse effects*
  • Contraindications
  • Cross Reactions
  • Drug Hypersensitivity / immunology*
  • Food Hypersensitivity / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Propofol / adverse effects*
  • Risk Factors
  • Safety

Substances

  • Anesthetics, Intravenous
  • Propofol