Preliminary Study on the Effect of Fermented Cheese Whey on Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Goldcoast Populations Inoculated onto Fresh Organic Lettuce

Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2016 Aug;13(8):423-7. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2015.2079. Epub 2016 May 5.

Abstract

Cheese whey fermented by an industrial starter consortium of lactic acid bacteria was evaluated for its antibacterial capacity to control a selection of pathogenic bacteria. For their relevance on outbreak reports related to vegetable consumption, this selection included Listeria monocytogenes, serotype 4b, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Salmonella Goldcoast. Organically grown lettuce was inoculated with an inoculum level of ∼10(7) colony-forming unit (CFU)/mL and was left for about 1 h in a safety cabinet before washing with a perceptual solution of 75:25 (v/v) fermented whey in water, for 1 and 10 min. Cells of pathogens recovered were then counted and their number compared with that obtained for a similar treatment, but using a chlorine solution at 110 ppm. Results show that both treatments, either with chlorine or fermented whey, were able to significantly reduce (p < 0.05) the number of bacteria, in a range of 1.15-2.00 and 1.59-2.34 CFU/g, respectively, regarding the bacteria tested. Results suggest that the use of fermented whey may be as effective as the solution of chlorine used in industrial processes in reducing the pathogens under study (best efficacy shown for Salmonella), with the advantage of avoiding health risks arising from the formation of carcinogenic toxic chlorine derivates.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Bacterial Load
  • Cheese
  • Disinfectants
  • Disinfection / methods*
  • Escherichia coli O157 / isolation & purification*
  • Fermentation
  • Food Microbiology
  • Lettuce / microbiology*
  • Listeria monocytogenes / isolation & purification*
  • Salmonella / isolation & purification*
  • Sodium Hypochlorite
  • Solutions
  • Whey*

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Disinfectants
  • Solutions
  • Sodium Hypochlorite