Electrochemical non-enzyme sensor for detecting clenbuterol (CLB) based on MoS 2-Au-PEI-hemin layered nanocomposites

Biosens Bioelectron. 2017 Mar 15;89(Pt 1):461-467. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2016.04.019. Epub 2016 Apr 7.


Clenbuterol (CLB), a kind of β2-adrenergic agonists, could disrupt cardiovascular and central nervous system. In this work, a new electrochemical non-enzyme sensor for detecting Clenbuterol (CLB) was fabricated based on MoS2-Au-PEI-hemin layered nanocomposites. The two-dimensional (2-D) MoS2 nanosheets were first in-situ assembled with Au nanoparticles, and polyethylenimine (PEI), then hemin molecules were immobilized onto the MoS2-Au-PEI film-modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) via amide bond. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Zeta potential measurements were employed to characterize the MoS2-based nanomaterials. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) was used to investigate electrochemical activity of the immobilized hemin on the modified electrode. Upon the optimum conditions, the proposed electrochemical sensor showed an excellent response for CLB including a wide linear ranging from 10ng/mL to 2μg/mL and a detection limit (LOD) of 1.92ng/mL CLB (S/N=3) with favorable reproducibility and stability. Furthermore, this presented method could be feasible for determining CLB in the real pork samples.

Keywords: 2-D nanomaterial; Clenbuterol (CLB); Electrochemical non-enzyme sensor; MoS(2)-Au-PEI-hemin nanocomposites.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Clenbuterol / analysis*
  • Disulfides / chemistry*
  • Electrochemical Techniques / methods*
  • Food Analysis / methods
  • Food Contamination / analysis
  • Gold / chemistry
  • Hemin / chemistry*
  • Limit of Detection
  • Molybdenum / chemistry*
  • Nanocomposites / chemistry*
  • Nanocomposites / ultrastructure
  • Polyethyleneimine / chemistry*
  • Red Meat / analysis*
  • Swine


  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Disulfides
  • Hemin
  • Gold
  • Molybdenum
  • Polyethyleneimine
  • Clenbuterol
  • molybdenum disulfide