Can we prevent hip dislocation in children with cerebral palsy? Effects of postural management

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2016 Oct;52(5):682-690. Epub 2016 May 6.

Abstract

Background: Hip dislocation is common in children with cerebral palsy (CP). At birth they do not have musculoskeletal deformities but they develop over time due to the combined effects of the movement disorder and impaired gross motor function. Early detection and treatment of a hip at risk is needed to modify the natural of hip development in CP.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of postural management treatment on hip displacement's progression in children CP.

Design: Prospective comparative non-randomized study.

Setting: Rehabilitative outpatient unit.

Population: Fifty-one children with CP were studied; the treated group (N.=30) was compared to a control group (N.=21).

Methods: The treated group followed a two year's long combined treatment program consisting a neurodevelopment treatment (NDT) two times a week and a 5 hours daily siège moulé postural program. The control group underwent only NDT twice a week for two years. Hip radiographs were measured with the migration percentage (MP) method at baseline, at 1 and 2 years of follow-up.

Results: A significant difference has been observed in the MP (%) trend (P<0.001) between treatment and control groups. At 2 years, there was a marked worsening (MP from 23.0 to 37.7) in the control group, compared to the stability (from 28.8 to 26.8) in the treatment group.

Conclusions: This study supports the evidence that conservative postural management of hip deformity is useful to prevent the natural progression of hip dislocation.

Clinical rehabilitation impact: Hip radiographic follow up program together with NDT and postural management program is useful to modify the natural progression of hip dislocation in children with CP.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications*
  • Cerebral Palsy / diagnosis
  • Cerebral Palsy / rehabilitation
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Hip Dislocation / etiology
  • Hip Dislocation / prevention & control*
  • Hip Dislocation / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Physical Therapy Modalities*
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reference Values
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Treatment Outcome