Purpose: Gastric and colorectal cancers remain the major causes of cancer-related death with a bad prognosis. Up to now, platinum combined with fluoropyrimidines has been most commonly used in chemotherapy regimens of gastric and colorectal cancers. Recently, a series of studies have been conducted to investigate the associations of biomarkers, such as GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism, with the chemotherapy efficacy in gastric and colorectal cancers; however, the results were not consistent and inconclusive. Here, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the associations of GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism with the chemotherapy efficacy in gastric and colorectal cancers.
Methods: A systematic review was conducted to search relevant studies in English databases (PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and EMBASE) up to November 30, 2015. The pooling ORs or HRs were used to assess the strength of the associations of GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism with clinical outcomes such as tumor response, toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
Results: Forty-one papers containing 8169 cases were finally included in the present meta-analysis study. Of which, 28 articles were performed in colorectal cancers, one in gastrointestinal carcinoma (gastric and colon cancer), 11 in gastric cancers, and one in colorectal and gastroesophageal cancers. After pooling all the eligible studies, we identified significant associations of GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism with chemotherapy-related tumor response (G vs. A: OR 1.697, 95 % CI 1.191-2.418; GG vs. AA: OR 2.804, 95 % CI 1.414-5.560; AG vs. AA: OR 1.540, 95 % CI 1.011-2.347; GG vs. AAAG: OR 2.139, 95 % CI 1.256-3.641), PFS (GG vs. AA, HR 0.640, 95 % CI 0.455-0.900; AGGG vs. AA: HR 0.718, 95 % CI 0.562-0.919), and OS (AG vs. AA: HR 0.857, 95 % CI 0.746-0.986; GG vs. AA: HR 0.679, 95 % CI 0.523-0.882; AGGG vs. AA: HR 0.663, 95 % CI 0.542-0.812) in gastric and colorectal cancers and no significant association was found between the polymorphism with toxicity.
Conclusions: GSTP1 Ile105Val polymorphism was associated with tumor response, PFS, and OS in gastric and colorectal cancers after chemotherapy.
Keywords: Chemotherapy; Colorectal cancer; GSTP1; Gastric cancer; Meta-analysis; Polymorphism.