Background: Disintegrin-like and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motifs (ADAMTS) proteins that are fundamentally located in the extracellular matrix (ECM) have critical roles on different cellular processes by altering the ECM architecture. It has been known that expression of some members of these proteinases increases in aneurismal and dissectional aortic tissue. The purpose of this study is to investigate ADAMTS1, 5, 16 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-1, -2 (TIMP-1, -2) levels in aortic tissue obtained from patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections and to achieve new insights about the function of ADAMTS family members.
Methods: We investigated ADAMTS1, 5, and 16 expression in human thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA) (n = 22), thoracic aortic dissections (TAD) (n = 12), and thoracic aortas from age-matched control organ donors (n = 6) (a total number of 34 cases and 6 controls). The expression levels of ADAMTS proteins were determined by Western blot technique using anti-ADAMTS1, ADAMTS5, ADAMTS16, TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 antibodies.
Results: ADAMTS1, 5, and 16 protein expressions were significantly higher in thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection tissues compared to control aortic tissues. Furthermore, TIMP-1 protein levels decreased in TAA and TAD tissues, TIMP-2 did not change.
Conclusions: Under the light of our findings, increased expression of ADAMTS1, 5, and 16 proteins may promote deceleration in thoracic aortic aneurysm progression. This is the first study that demonstrates ADAMTS5 and ADAMTS16 proteolytic activity in aneurysm and dissection.