Background: Bladder cancer is the most prevalent malignancy involving the urinary system and exhibits a markedly high recurrence rate. Therefore, reliable and noninvasive diagnostic and surveillance methods are desperately needed.
Patients and methods: Candidate microRNAs (miRNAs) were selected from the miRNAs that were differentially expressed in bladder cancer cell lines (T24 and RT4) compared to normal ureteral epithelial tissue using miRNA-microarray analysis. The candidate miRNAs were validated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay using voided urine samples.
Results: We identified 3 miRNAs (miR-301b, -563, and -146a-5p) that demonstrated > 2-fold higher expression levels in cancer cell lines than in the normal ureteral epithelial tissue. Of these, only miR-146a-5p was consistently and significantly higher in urine samples from the patients with bladder cancer than in those from the normal individuals (P = .0014). The patients with high-grade tumors exhibited significantly higher urinary miR-146a-5p levels than those with low-grade tumors, and the patients with invasive tumors tended to show higher urinary miR-146a-5p levels than those with noninvasive tumors. Elevated urinary miR-146a-5p levels in patients with bladder cancer were decreased to the normal level after transurethral resection of the tumors (P = .0214).
Conclusion: Our study suggested that urinary miR-146a-5p might be useful as a new noninvasive diagnostic marker, therapeutic target, or anticancer agent for bladder cancer, as well as for increasing our understanding of cancer biology.
Keywords: Depth of invasion; MicroRNA-microarray; Tumor grade; Urine; Urothelial carcinoma.
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