Guide for Carotenoid Identification in Biological Samples

J Nat Prod. 2016 May 27;79(5):1473-84. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00756. Epub 2016 May 9.


In recent years there has been considerable interest in carotenoids with respect to their biological roles in animals, microorganisms, and plants, in addition to their use in the chemical, cosmetics, food, pharmaceutical, poultry, and other industries. However, the structural diversity, the different range of concentration, and the presence of cis/trans-isomers complicate the identification of carotenoids. This review provides updated information on their physical and chemical properties as well as spectroscopic and chromatographic data for the unambiguous determination of carotenoids in biological samples.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / chemistry*
  • Carotenoids / chemistry*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Humans
  • Plants, Medicinal / chemistry*


  • Antioxidants
  • Carotenoids