Prevention, Recognition, and Management of Urologic Injuries During Gynecologic Surgery

Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jun;127(6):1085-1096. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001425.


The urethra, bladder, and ureters are particularly susceptible to injury during gynecologic surgery. When preventive measures fail, prompt recognition and management of injury can avoid long-term sequelae such as fistula formation and loss of renal function. Intraoperative identification should be the primary goal when an injury occurs, although this is not always possible. Postoperative injury recognition requires a high level of suspicion and vigilance. In addition to history and physical examination, appropriate radiologic studies can be useful in localizing injury and planning management strategies. Some injuries may require Foley catheter drainage or ureteral stenting alone, whereas others will require operative intervention with ureteral resection and reanastomosis or reimplantation. Prompt restoration of urinary drainage or diversion will avoid further renal compromise.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Genital Diseases, Female / surgery*
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Ureter / injuries*
  • Urinary Bladder / injuries*