Identification of CRISP2 from human sperm as PSP94-binding protein and generation of CRISP2-specific anti-peptide antibodies

J Pept Sci. 2016 Jun;22(6):383-90. doi: 10.1002/psc.2878. Epub 2016 May 10.


Cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs) are mainly found in the mammalian male reproductive tract and reported to be involved at different stages of fertilization. CRISPs have been shown to interact with prostate secretory protein of 94 amino acids (PSP94) from diverse sources, and the binding of these evolutionarily conserved proteins across species is proposed to be of functional significance. Of the three mammalian CRISPs, PSP94-CRISP3 interaction is well characterized, and specific binding sites have been identified; whereas, CRISP2 has been shown to interact with PSP94 in vitro. Interestingly, human CRISP3 and CRISP2 proteins are closely related showing 71.4% identity. In this study, we identified CRISP2 as a potential binding protein of PSP94 from human sperm. Further, we generated antisera capable of specifically detecting CRISP2 and not CRISP3. In this direction, specific peptides corresponding to the least conserved ion channel regulatory region were synthesized, and polyclonal antibodies were generated against the peptide in rabbits. The binding characteristics of the anti-CRISP2 peptide antibody were evaluated using competitive ELISA. Immunoblotting experiments also confirmed that the peptide was able to generate antibodies capable of detecting the mature CRISP2 protein present in human sperm lysate. Furthermore, this anti-CRISP2 peptide antibody also detected the presence of native CRISP2 on sperm.Copyright © 2016 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Keywords: CRISP2; ICR region; PSP94; anti-peptide antibody; binding protein; peptide.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies / metabolism
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Glycoproteins / immunology
  • Glycoproteins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Molecular
  • Peptides / chemical synthesis*
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / immunology
  • Prostatic Secretory Proteins / metabolism*
  • Rabbits
  • Salivary Proteins and Peptides / metabolism
  • Seminal Plasma Proteins / metabolism
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism*


  • Antibodies
  • CRISP2 protein, human
  • CRISP3 protein, human
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Glycoproteins
  • Peptides
  • Prostatic Secretory Proteins
  • Salivary Proteins and Peptides
  • Seminal Plasma Proteins
  • beta-microseminoprotein