18β-Glycyrrhetinic Acid, a Novel Naturally Derived Agent, Suppresses Prolactin Hyperactivity and Reduces Antipsychotic-Induced Hyperprolactinemia in In Vitro and In Vivo Models

Neurochem Res. 2016 Sep;41(9):2233-42. doi: 10.1007/s11064-016-1938-5. Epub 2016 May 9.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a novel naturally derived agent, in suppressing prolactin (PRL) hyperactivity and reducing antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia (hyperPRL) and the underlying mechanisms in in vitro and in vivo models. GA treatment for 24 h inhibited PRL synthesis and secretion in MMQ cells and cultured pituitary cells in a dose-dependent fashion; but this effect was not reproduced in GH3 cells that lack the expression of functional dopamine D2 receptors. GA suppressed elevated PRL level and growth hormone, and normalized several sex hormones in a rat model of hyperPRL, produced by repeated injection of the dopamine blocker metoclopramide. GA also modulated the expression 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors in both in vivo and in vitro models. These results indicate that GA is effective in suppressing PRL hyperactivity caused by the blockade of dopamine D2 receptors. This suppressive effect of GA may be related to its modulation of the serotonergic system. This study provides additional evidence in support of GA as an adjunct for the treatment of hyperPRL.

Keywords: 18β-Glycyrrhetinic acid; Hormones; Hyperprolactinemia; Serotonergic system.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antipsychotic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dopamine / metabolism
  • Glycyrrhetinic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Glycyrrhetinic Acid / pharmacology
  • Hyperprolactinemia / chemically induced
  • Hyperprolactinemia / drug therapy*
  • Prolactin / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / metabolism

Substances

  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • 18alpha-glycyrrhetinic acid
  • Prolactin
  • Glycyrrhetinic Acid
  • Dopamine