Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer

Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2016 Apr;14(4):262-8.


The historical standard treatment paradigm for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer is surgical staging followed by adjuvant platinum- and taxane-based chemotherapy. It is well established that patients gain a survival advantage when optimal surgical debulking is achieved; surgical intervention that leaves bulky disease does not confer the same advantage. Thus, when optimal cytoreductive surgery is not possible or would lead to excessive morbidity, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval cytoreductive surgery is employed. There currently is no externally validated predictive model or consensus regarding which patients should be selected for primary debulking surgery vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This article reviews the current literature on the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy as a treatment strategy for patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Disease Management
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / mortality
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Treatment Outcome