Background: In adult women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) 17-OHP responses to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) stimulation are highly variable and inversely correlated with serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescents with PCOS exhibit similar variable 17-OHP responsiveness to hCG and whether these responses are correlated to AMH levels.
Methods: In a prospective study, adolescent PCOS (n=14) and normal controls (n=10) received 25 μg of hCG, intravenously. Blood samples were obtained before and 24 h afterwards for measurement of 17-OHP and basal AMH.
Results: Variable 17-OHP responses to hCG were observed among PCOS girls similar to that observed in adults. There was no correlation between AMH and 17-OHP responses to hCG.
Conclusions: Among adult and adolescent individuals with PCOS variable 17-OHP production appears to be characteristic of the disorder. In adolescent PCOS, 17-OHP responsiveness to hCG is not correlated to AMH.