Purpose: To evaluate the management and outcomes of modified Marcy repair for inguinal hernia in a large series of children.
Methods: We analyzed the case records of 6826 pediatric patients who underwent surgery for inguinal hernia between January, 1991 and January, 2015 at Split University Hospital in Croatia. The following parameters were examined: sex, age, location of the hernia, intraoperative or postoperative complications, recurrence, and surgical method.
Results: The 6826 patients included 4751 boys and 2075 girls operated on for inguinal hernia. The mean age was 3.5 years, and mean followup was 14 years. Right-side predominance was noted with 59.50 % right hernia repairs, 33.72 % left hernia repairs, and 6.78 % bilateral hernia repairs. There were 6410 (93.90 %) elective procedures and 416 (6.10 %) emergency procedures for incarceration. The mean duration of surgery was 26 min (14-90 min), and the mean hospital stay was 1 day. Marcy repair was the most commonly performed operation (95.76 %), whereas Ferguson's technique was performed in only 3.98 % of the children. The overall recurrence rate was 0.43 %, with a recurrence rate of 0.36 % for Marcy repair and 1.83 % for Ferguson repair (p = 0.0003).
Conclusion: Modified Marcy hernia repair is a safe and effective procedure for inguinal hernia in children with excellent outcomes and a low incidence of recurrence.
Keywords: Children; Inguinal hernia; Marcy repair.