Transcriptional Regulation of Pattern-Triggered Immunity in Plants

Cell Host Microbe. 2016 May 11;19(5):641-50. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2016.04.011.


Perception of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) by cell-surface-resident pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) induces rapid, robust, and selective transcriptional reprogramming, which is central for launching effective pattern-triggered immunity (PTI) in plants. Signal relay from PRR complexes to the nuclear transcriptional machinery via intracellular kinase cascades rapidly activates primary immune response genes. The coordinated action of gene-specific transcription factors and the general transcriptional machinery contribute to the selectivity of immune gene activation. In addition, PRR complexes and signaling components are often transcriptionally upregulated upon MAMP perception to ensure the robustness and sustainability of PTI outputs. In this review, we discuss recent advances in deciphering the signaling pathways and regulatory mechanisms that coordinately lead to timely and accurate MAMP-induced gene expression in plants.

Keywords: Microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs); Transcriptional reprogramming; general transcriptional machinery; pattern-triggered immunity (PTI); transcription factors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / immunology*
  • Genes, Plant
  • Plant Diseases / genetics
  • Plant Diseases / immunology
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology
  • Plant Immunity
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Plants / immunology*
  • Plants / microbiology
  • Receptors, Pattern Recognition / genetics
  • Receptors, Pattern Recognition / immunology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / immunology
  • Transcriptional Activation


  • Receptors, Pattern Recognition
  • Transcription Factors