Inhibition or deletion of the soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) has been linked to reduced cholesterol and protection against atherosclerosis. This study set out to identify sEH substrate(s) or product(s), altered in livers from sEH(-/-) mice that contribute to these beneficial effects. In livers and isolated hepatocytes, deletion of sEH decreased expression of HMG CoA reductase, fatty acid synthase and low density lipoprotein receptor. Sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) regulate the expression of all three enzymes and SREBP activation was attenuated in the absence of sEH. The effect was attributed to the AMPK-activated protein kinase (AMPK) which was activated in the absence of sEH. Livers from wild-type versus sEH(-/-) littermates contained significantly higher levels of the sEH substrate 12,13-epoxyoctadecenoic acid, which elicited AMPK activation, while the corresponding sEH product was inactive. Thus, AMPK activation and subsequent inhibition of SREBP can account for the altered expression of lipid metabolizing enzymes in sEH(-/-) mice.
Keywords: AMP-activated protein kinase; Epoxyoctadecenoic acid; HMG CoA reductase; Sterol regulatory element-binding protein.
Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.