Combining prebiotics with probiotic bacteria can enhance bacterial growth and secretion of bacteriocins

Int J Biol Macromol. 2016 Aug;89:669-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.05.041. Epub 2016 May 12.


There is a growing interest in supporting human health by using prebiotics, such as oligosaccharides, and beneficial bacteria, also called probiotics. Combining these two components we can develop synbiotics. In order to create successful combination of synbiotic it is very important to evaluate the influence of prebiotic oligosaccharides to probiotic bacteria and their behavior, such as growth and secretion of health related biomolecules, including bacteriocins. In this study seven type strains of probiotic bacteria (five Lactobacillus sp. and two Lactococcus sp.) and two Lactobacillus sp. strains, isolated from probiotic yoghurt, were cultivated with various commercially available and extracted oligosaccharides (OS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of these OS on type and isolated bacterial strains growth and antibacterial activity. Obtained results suggest that combination of certain OS with probiotic strains may considerably improve their growth and/or antibacterial activity. We also determined the antibacterial activity spectrum of investigated strains with combination of OS against common food borne pathogens. Results of this work show that prebiotic OS can be useful for modulating probiotic bacteria growth, antibacterial activity and even specificity of this activity.

Keywords: Antibacterial activity; Bacteriocins; Oligosaccharides.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriocins / biosynthesis
  • Bacteriocins / chemistry*
  • Bacteriocins / pharmacology
  • Fermentation
  • Food Microbiology
  • Humans
  • Lactobacillus / chemistry*
  • Lactobacillus / metabolism
  • Oligosaccharides / biosynthesis
  • Oligosaccharides / chemistry*
  • Oligosaccharides / pharmacology
  • Probiotics*
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / drug effects
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / pathogenicity
  • Yogurt / microbiology


  • Bacteriocins
  • Oligosaccharides